What are the common applications or industries where stainless steel 321 / 321H furnace tubes are used?
Stainless Steel 321 / 321H Furnace Tubes find widespread applications in various industries where high-temperature environments and corrosion resistance are crucial. One of the primary sectors utilizing these tubes is the petrochemical industry, which employs them in processes such as oil refining, chemical processing, and gas production. The aerospace industry also relies on these tubes for their exceptional heat resistance and ability to withstand extreme conditions, making them suitable for jet engines and exhaust systems.

Additionally, stainless steel 321 / 321H furnace tubes, including nuclear power plants, are extensively used in the power generation sector, where they exhibit excellent creep resistance and structural stability at elevated temperatures. Other notable industries utilizing these tubes include heat exchangers, pharmaceuticals, food processing, and furnace manufacturing. The versatility and robustness of stainless steel 321 / 321H furnace tubes make them indispensable in various applications requiring reliable and durable performance in high-temperature environments.

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What are the main properties and characteristics of stainless steel 321 / 321H furnace tubes?
Stainless Steel 321 Furnace Tubes possess several key properties and characteristics that make them highly desirable for high-temperature applications. These tubes exhibit excellent corrosion resistance, especially against intergranular corrosion, due to the addition of titanium to their composition. They offer superior mechanical properties, including high tensile strength and good creep resistance, allowing them to withstand prolonged exposure to elevated temperatures. Stainless steel 321 furnace tubes also display exceptional weldability, making them easier to fabricate and install.

Stainless Steel 321H Furnace Tubes share many properties and characteristics as stainless steel 321 tubes, with a few distinct differences. The "H" in 321H is "high carbon," indicating a higher carbon content than 321. This increased carbon content provides improved high-temperature strength and resistance to sensitization, making 321H furnace tubes more suitable for applications involving elevated temperatures. Stainless steel 321, 321H tubes exhibit excellent corrosion resistance, weldability, and formability.

They offer high tensile strength and good creep resistance, enabling them to withstand prolonged exposure to extreme heat conditions. With their enhanced carbon content, stainless steel 321H furnace tubes provide additional stability and reliability, making them a preferred choice for demanding furnace applications requiring resistance to sensitization and increased high-temperature strength.

Specification Of 321 Stainless Steel Furnace Tubes

Specifications ASTM, ASME, AISI
Outer Diameters 6mm – 300 mm OD
Thickness 1.0mm to 40mm
Length 5.8m, 6, Custom Lengths
Finish Annealed & Pickled, Bright Annealing, Polished
Test Certificate EN 10204 3.1

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Widest Range of 321-321H SS Furnace Tubes in Mumbai, India.

  • Widest RangeSupplier of SS 321H Furnace Tubes
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  • Widest RangeStainless Steel 321 Furnace Stockholder

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321 Stainless Steel Furnace Tubes Equivalent Grades

STANDARD WERKSTOFF NR. UNS
SS 321 1.4541 S32100
SS 321H 1.4878 S32109

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Stainless Steel 321 Furnace Tubes Manufacturing Process

Selection of Materials

The materials used to make furnace tubes are typically resistant to corrosion and high temperatures. Stainless steel, alloy steel, and nickel-based alloys are common materials.

Tube Formation

The creation of the tubes is the first step in the procedure. This can be accomplished using a variety of techniques, including cold drawing, welded tube manufacture, and seamless tube extrusion. Due to their homogeneity and lack of seams that could compromise the structure, seamless tubes are frequently used for high-temperature applications.

Heating and Annealing

The tubes are subsequently put through heat-treating procedures, such as annealing. In order to reduce internal tensions, increase ductility, and improve the material's general qualities, annealing entails heating the tubes to a certain temperature and then gradually cooling them.

Cutting and Sizing

The tubes are sized and cut to the required lengths in accordance with the application's requirements. In order to ensure a perfect fit inside the furnace or heat exchanger, precise cutting and sizing are essential.

Surface Treatment

Depending on the application, the tubes may also go through passivation or pickling as additional surface treatments. By removing oxides, scale, and other contaminants from the surface, these processes increase corrosion resistance.

Quality Control

Quality control procedures are used all through the manufacturing process to guarantee that the tubes meet the necessary requirements. This entails a variety of tests, including visual inspections, non-destructive testing techniques like ultrasonic or radiographic testing, and dimensional checks.

Final Heat Treatment (Optional)

To achieve the appropriate mechanical and metallurgical qualities, the tubes may go through a final heat treatment procedure, such as stress relieving or solution annealing, depending on the material and desired properties.

Finishing

The tubes might undergo further finishing processes such as polishing, buffing, or coating to meet specific application requirements or aesthetic preferences.

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Chemical Composition Of Stainless Steel 321H Furnace Tubes

Grade Ni C Mn P S Si Cr Mo N TI
321 Max 12.00 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.00 19.0 3 – 4 0.10 max 0.70
Min 9.00 - - - - - 17.0 - - 5(C+N) 
321H Max 12.00 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 1.75 19.0 3 – 4 0.10 0.70
Min 9.00 0.04 - - - - 17.0 - - 4(C+N) 

Mechanical Properties Of 321 Stainless Steel Furnace Tubes

Grade Tensile Strength (MPa) min Yield Strength 0.2% Proof (MPa) min Elongation (% in 50mm) min Hardness
Rockwell B (HR B) max Brinell (HB) max
321 515 205 40% 95 217
321H 515 205 40% 95 217

Testing & Inspection of 321 Stainless Steel Furnace Tubes

Testing (Destructive, Non Destructive)

Positive Material Identification – PMI Testing Hydrostatic Test
Chemical Analysis – Spectro Analysis Hydrogen-Induced Cracking (HIC) Test
Mechanical Testing Such as Tensile, Elongation, Reduction of Area Sulfide Stress Corrosion Cracking (SSC), NACE TM 0177
Micro Test Radiography Test
Macro Test Dye Penetrant Test (DP Test)
Hardness Test Ultra Sonic Test (UT)
Pitting Resistance Test Eddy Current Testing
Intergranular Corrosion (IGC) Test Impact Test
Flaring Test Bend Test
Flattening Test

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Supply Cities Of Stainless Steel 321 And 321H Furnace Tubes

The cities listed here are where we have supplied our grade 321H stainless steel Furnace Tubes in bulk or small orders. Cities from metropolitan to rural areas we can provide SS 321 Furnace Tubes to satisfy the needs of our clients.

Thiruvananthapuram, Pimpri-Chinchwad, Courbevoie, Perth, Haryana, Sydney, Ho Chi Minh City, Chennai, Abu Dhabi, Granada, Colombo, Lahore, Thane, Seoul, Howrah, Ahmedabad, Calgary, Secunderabad, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Istanbul, Montreal, Ulsan, Baroda, Muscat, Nagpur, Geoje-si, Jeddah, Hanoi, Ahvaz, Manama, Doha, Coimbatore, Petaling Jaya, Cairo, Ernakulam, Bogota, Busan, Lagos, Ankara, Navi Mumbai, Surat, Dallas, Santiago, Mexico City, Vadodara, Melbourne, Kanpur, Pune, Vung Tau, Riyadh, Ranchi, Karachi, Gurgaon, Kuwait City, Brisbane, Milan, Visakhapatnam, Atyrau, Toronto, Jaipur, Kuala Lumpur, Mumbai, Tehran, Jakarta, Singapore, Dubai, Jamshedpur, Edmonton, Nashik, Algiers, Hong Kong, Aberdeen, Rajkot, Hyderabad, London, Moscow, Al Jubail, Bhopal, La Victoria, Ludhiana, Houston, Chiyoda, New York, Gimhae-si, Faridabad, Caracas, Dammam, Al Khobar, Kolkata, Madrid, Sharjah, Rio de Janeiro, Port-of-Spain, Los Angeles, Chandigarh, Bangkok, Indore, New Delhi, Noida.

Documents Provided at the time of Domestic Sales or Export of 321/321H Stainless Steel Furnace Tubes

Certificate of Origin Raw Material Test Reports
Commercial Invoice Heat Treatment Charts
Packing List Quality Assurance Plan (QAP)
Fumigation Certificates NABL approved Laboratory Test Reports
Letter of Guarantee Material Test Certificates
ROHS Certificate Certificate of Compliance/Conformity

Application Industries We Supply Stainless Steel 321 Furnace Tubes

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